Philippine National Hero

Jose Rizal, December 30 Death Anniversary

José Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonso y Realonda [1] (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896, Bagumbayan), was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by National Heroes Committee.[2] His execution by the Spanish in 1896, a date marked annually as Rizal Day, a Philippine national holiday, was one of the causes of the Philippine Revolution.

Rizal was born to a rich family in CalambaLaguna and was the seventh of eleven children. He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, earning a Bachelor of Arts, and enrolled in medicine at theUniversity of Santo Tomas. He continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid in Madrid, Spain, earning the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. He also attended the University of Paris and earned a second doctorate at the University of Heidelberg.

Rizal was a polyglot conversant in twenty-two languages.[3][4][5][6] He was a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works were his two novels, Noli me Tangere and El filibusterismo.[7] These social commentaries on Spanish rule formed the nucleus of literature that inspired peaceful reformists and armed revolutionaries alike.

As a political figure, José Rizal was the founder of La Liga Filipina, a civic organization that subsequently gave birth to the Katipunan[8] led by Andrés Bonifacio and Emilio Aguinaldo. He was a proponent of achieving Philippine self-government peacefully through institutional reform rather than through violent revolution, although he would support “violent means” as a last resort.[9] Rizal believed that the only justification for national liberation and self-government is the restoration of the dignity of the people, saying “Why independence, if the slaves of today will be the tyrants of tomorrow?”[10]The general consensus among Rizal scholars is that his execution by the Spanish helped to bring about the Philippine Revolution.

2 Comments Add yours

  1. It is such a national tragedy that independence from the Spanish was immediately followed by American gunboats throwing destruction into Manila and taking over the country yet once more, and this time for no justifiable reason whatsoever. It is such a national reason for pride that Filipinos never allow anyone to take over their hearts, which they give out to the world without reserve, for the betterment of all of humanity. Anyone who has been cared for by a Filipino nurse or physician knows what I am talking about.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you for commenting. This was a very old post of mine, did not even remember I did this. Anyway, yes – you summed it up about Philippines history on colonization by the Spanish and then, the Americans. Filipinos should not or would not allow anyone or any countries to take over their hearts. We Filipinos are good hearted people. When we give out hearts, we give them all he away. Like you said. anyone who has been cared for by a FIlipino nurse or physician knows this. Kudos to a wonderful comment. 😉

      Liked by 1 person

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